It was 4:30 p.m. when scout Deaf Smith announced the burning of Vince’s Bridge, the only avenue of retreat for the opposing army. The main Texan battle line moved forward with their approach screened by the trees and rising ground. General Sam Houston personally led the infantry. In the center, two small brass, smoothbore artillery pieces (donated by citizens of Cincinnati, Ohio) known as the “Twin Sisters” were wheeled forward, supported by four companies of infantry.
The Texan army moved quickly and silently across the high-grass plain, and then, when they were only a few dozen yards away, charged Santa Anna’s camp shouting “Remember the Alamo!” The Texans achieved complete surprise. It was a bold attack in broad daylight. Santa Anna’s army, consisting primarily of professional soldiers, quickly collapsed. Hundreds of the demoralized and confused Mexican soldiers were routed. The Texan army had won a stunning victory.
The Battle of San Jacinto, fought on April 21, 1836, in present-day Harris County, Texas, was the decisive battle of the Texas Revolution. Santa Anna, the President of Mexico, was captured the following day and held as a prisoner of war. Three weeks later, he signed the peace treaty that dictated that the Mexican army leave the region, paving the way for the Republic of Texas to become an independent country.
Measured by its results, San Jacinto was one of the decisive battles of the world. The freedom of Texas from Mexico won here led to annexation and to the Mexican-American War, resulting in the acquisition by the United States of the states of Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, Nevada, California, Utah and parts of Colorado, Wyoming, Kansas and Oklahoma. Almost one-third of the present area of the American Nation, nearly a million square miles of territory, changed sovereignty.
Chapman Wealth Management takes pride in celebrating San Jacinto Day. Don’t Mess With Texas!